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From John Lyons Trainer Keith Hosman


Round Pen First Steps [Downloadable PDF version]
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A sample from Day 2:

Continue practicing this and take notice of how your horse is drawn toward you as you turn your shoulders. It'll be as if his entire body is drawn forward by the turn of your shoulders. It seems strange at first, until you dissect what's happening: When we drive the horse's hip away, asking the leg closest to us to cross in front of the other, we're placing the horse's body position, thoughts and energy in a forward position. As we let him out of this turn (turning ourselves, walking away) his momentum naturally carries him forward. Plus, his innate curiosity (when we shut down abruptly and simply walk away) helps pull him toward us as well.

The sequence at this stage, then, is this: Walk toward the horse's hip, pulling the two eyes toward you. The hip will move away and when the hind leg closest to you crosses in front of the other, turn (toward the horse, then away). Walk off. Pause. Repeat. When your horse consistently places the leg closest to you in front of the other when asked to turn and will follow that up with a step toward you, you're ready to move on. Do you have to repeat the steps like a zombie? No. Play around with the angles and your timing. Think out of the box. See what you can do to speed up the process.

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Simple Steps to Power Steering

By Keith Hosman, John Lyons Certified Trainer

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Simple Steps to Power Steering

Actual training covered in this article: Improving your steering
Theme of this article: Learn faster when you concentrate on just one thing

Training is simply a matter of stringing together small, simple concepts. And, when things are going awry, it's often because something small hasn't been taught, is being overlooked or is being dismissed as "unimportant." God (or is it the Devil?) is in the details, as they say.

Any time you set out to improve yourself, whether to be a better rider, a more accomplished pianist or a more "learned law student," you'll come out ahead if you challenge yourself to learn one specific thing that makes your time well-spent. From an equestrian's perspective, this means that you don't put down a training book till you've committed to memory some small fact that you can later put to use. It means that you keep querying the next pro trainer you talk to till you glean some piece of info that you can tuck away, something to call upon in the future. It means you sit in the stands at your next riding clinic, waiting, waiting, waiting for that single piece of knowledge that makes the cost of gas it took to get there pay off.

To put a finer point on this, don't go to your next clinic or through your next riding lesson trying to remember everything the pro tells you. You'll lose the trees for the forest. Information will wash over you and a day or so later, you'll throw up your arms in exasperation because you're not a tape recorder and you've forgotten what comes after this or that. You'll be frustrated and make zero improvement. (This is why training DVDs and books exist.) Instead, concentrate on picking up one, single thing. Wait for it, then chew it up in your head, imagine putting it to use, ruminate, ponder and reflect. Ask questions. You know something best when you're able to teach it to someone else, so repeat it back to your instructor or mention it to another student. You've invested time and money to be there; challenge yourself to find one simple concept that made your trip worthwhile - and make sure you really know it. (Buy the DVDs if you need a frame-by-frame replay.)

This holds true even if what they're teaching is something you "already know." Everybody approaches their training from a different perspective. Needs change, you change, your horse changes. There's always something to learn: a quicker method, a deeper understanding, even what not to do. I'm certified by John Lyons - but frequently attend clinics put on by other trainers. I never attend a Clinton Anderson or Craig Cameron event, for instance, that I don't come away with a ton of new things to try out. They have a different take on things and training methods are constantly evolving universally. So are my needs. Today I know 13 ways to get a lead departure but maybe tomorrow I ride a nightmare horse and I'll wish I had 14.

And I'm not talking about sitting there waiting to learn something huge ("flying lead changes") - I'm talking about picking up nuggets of information (how to get the hips to move a step to the right or why you'd even want to move the hips). Trying to learn everything will overload your brain and cause you to remember nothing. Strive to "understand," not to memorize. Once you've got your "one thing" down, begin listening for the next. Collect enough "info snippets," string them together, and you'll know how to get your horse to do x, y or z (or how not to do x, y or z). As a point of reference: When I attend a clinic, I can usually pick up two things, three on a really good day, that make it worth my time.

As an aside, don't forget that "learning what not to do" also qualifies as "something learned." Example: The guy riding in the clinic next to you has borrowed a horse. The owner assured him "little kids ride Flicka all the time." Seconds later, the guy gets bucked off. You might then think: "Note to self: If someone says a horse can be ridden, have them ride the horse first." Simple concept, big repercussions.

Note: Quite often what you'll learn is something somebody's tried to teach you before and it just now "sinks in." Or a fellow rider might dismiss your new understanding as "just common sense." Or maybe it's something you knew before, but forgot. Maybe it's something that everybody else at your riding level has known for eons and, frankly, you'd be embarrassed if the others found out that you just found out how to ask for a lead departure. Take heart! They're all legit "take-aways" if they matter to you today. Example: Maybe you never needed to know how to "move a shoulder" before but today you realize how they can help get your lead departures. Horse training isn't all that complicated, so be on the lookout for these small epiphanies - they can add up to significant improvements.

Many, many, many times I'll work with riders at my clinics that have had a problem with their horse for years and years. They've come to me out of exasperation and now they expect to see some sort of magic solution. I truly believe they think I'm going to push some secret hidden button on the horse and suddenly he's fixed. Two days later we've got them well on the road to recovery - but without making some deal with the Devil. How? Simply by running back through "basic training" to find what's been skipped. If a certain screw works its way free in your car's engine, it'll stop running. Same thing with your horse. Something very small can bring your training to a screeching halt.

And: Many times the problem can be caused by including a particular step in your horse's training - but doing it "wrong." Examples: You don't release at the right time; you apply too much pressure, restraining the horse's natural movement; you're too timid, you're too aggressive; the horse's (body part) is here when it should be there... Basically, you're glossing over a step, not being as precise as called for in the horse-training recipe. Often, if you're honest, you'll admit that a trainer or instructor has told you the same thing hundreds of times - and you've blown off the advise with an "I tried that." If I had a dollar for every time I've made a suggestion only to hear "I did that" or "I'm dong that" - when I can clearly see they're not doing diddly, I'd be a rich man. Bottom line: If you follow the instructions in one of my how-to horse training articles and your horse still hasn't got it, then you're not doing one of the steps correctly - you only think you are.

Ready for today's epiphany? (Drum roll, please.) It's this: Horse training is easier - not harder - for you and your horse when you're precise and objective with your requests. Stop. Reread that last sentence; it's what you're trying to learn today. You'll do your horse no favors when you release the rein when "he's almost got it." We'll discuss "steering your horse" below, but this underlying current of "precision" flows through every bit of your horse training.

The Subtleties of Steering: Bearing in mind that if you can't steer your horse, you haven't got much of a horse, let's find out how well we're doing in that department. This particular tip has everything to do with "What we ask for" vs. "What we accept." How many times have you asked your horse to turn right and looked down only to realize you're "just barely doing so"? Are you turning your horse's head to the right and thinking "right," but going straight or even left? (If you can look right, but walk left, so can your horse.) Or is "the leakage" more subtle? Maybe the two of you just need a little fine tuning.

Regardless, the point of this entire article is the importance of learning (and consistently applying) single, one-dimensional concepts. To that end, your take-away at this moment is this: We don't aim our horses and hope we end up somewhere. You can train your horse to step on a precise spot when you ask him to. It's not about "turning right." It's about "put your foot exactly there, at that angle and do it with your very next step." Anything else is aiming and laziness. If you ask for a precise, 30 degree turn with the very next step, shuffling loosely over at 12 degrees is just not acceptable.

Get on your horse, pick out a rock and circle it. Use no more "steering" than you would normally. As you complete your circle, ask yourself if you've drifted in or out. The odds are pretty good you've got a lopsided circle. Your horse should stay between the reins (which necessarily means no drifting). If you walked a perfectly round circle (smarty pants), do the same at a trot or lope. Better yet, try using zero-to-no rein pressure and just signal the turn with your body. Do so by simply "looking where you want to go." Looking will naturally twist your body and will cue a more finished horse. How's your circle now? Lopsided? (You should be testing with a snaffle bit. Outfitting your horse like Anthony Hopkins in "Silence of the Lambs" with 600lbs of leverage bits, tie-downs and misc. hardware will make you feel more accomplished, but it's not a fair test.)

Lopsided circles tells us we have some training to do. It may also tell us that we've been kidding ourselves about the maneuverability of our older, more finished horse. We may very well find out that they're not turning as perfectly as we thought. Translation: We don't have the control we thought we did.

I'll briefly describe some fixes. (The "fix" in the context of this article isn't as important as the concept outlined above, namely that you can and should control precisely where your horse puts his feet, that we don't have to accept shuffling and "aiming.")

To perfect our steering, we'll practice the following...

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   Meet the author:  

Keith Hosman
John & Josh Lyons Certified
Clinician and Trainer

Utopia, TX (Hill Country of San Antonio)

Keith Hosman is based in San Antonio, TX and is available for clinics, lessons and training. He frequently travels to Los Angeles, CA and Kansas City, MO where he partners with fellow clinician Patrick Benson for clinics and demonstrations. You can find him on Google+ and Reddit



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Lyons Training 101: Issue Twenty-two, Part 1
"Natural Horse Training: Simple Steps to Power Steering"
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